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The best sights of the Czech Republic – where to go? Czech Republic


Different opinions

Communicating with various acquaintances, I often heard this point of view: “Fu, Prague is the territory of the former Czechoslovakia. They are all obsessed with the fight against the scoop and they are all gloomy there. You will not get any joy from traveling while resting in the city with such gloomy people who are disgusted with Russians. “

In fact, I don’t quite understand where this opinion came from. If with the Baltic countries like Latvia and Lithuania, everything is more or less clear: politicians are sharing something there and generously supplying the media with low-grade stories about their carve-up. And people, on the basis of these stories, imagine special “tomato-throwing” detachments that meet every tourist from Russia right at the station. But about the Czech Republic, and about Prague in particular, it seems like nothing of the kind has been said for a long time!

Perhaps I am already spreading too much thought along the tree, so I return to the original topic.

During my travels, I became convinced that the inhabitants of Prague for the most part are very friendly and pleasant people, at least in relation to tourists. I remember getting off the tourist bus for the first time, moving my suitcase, I touched a passer-by, and I touched it so hard. What do you think happened next? I had not yet had time to turn to him to say something like “Sorry” when he already apologized to me. For what? For touching him! Actually, in such an atmosphere of mutual understanding and mutual respect with the locals, my every voyage to Prague takes place.

“What’s the sea like?”

I do not want to offend anyone with a subsequent offer, but there are often cases when they ask me: “Prague? And what kind of sea is there? ” ) At first, this caused me a storm of indignation, but then I just began to chuckle softly into a fist and answer: “Well, what a – Czech, of course! It consists entirely of beer – from there the famous Czech foamy drink is pumped. ” For some reason people are offended by such an answer … So! There is no sea in Prague, as well as in the whole Czech Republic!

Let’s go further. Prague is an old city, half of which is entirely architectural monuments. It so happened that during the Second World War it was not bombed into chips (more precisely, into rubble), neither by ours, nor by our enemies, and it was almost intact (at least in relation to many other cities) remained the same as it was. Its historical part stretches on two banks of the Vltava River, and you can wander there for a very, very long time. It took me 3 days on foot with my standard speed of 5 – 7 km / h, just to get around everything, looking right and left.

The main tourist get-together is located in the Prague-1 district, on the right bank of the Vltava. It is, in general, understandable. The whole city stands on huge hills, which are sometimes very difficult to climb, the only area in the old part of the city where the streets do not have brutal elevation changes is this very Prague-1. Most of the shops and taverns, cafes and shops are concentrated there, it is always very crowded, so sometimes it is simply not crowded.

You can walk around Prague for an infinitely long time. The whole atmosphere of this city charges you for a positive, calm mood. And while walking, you can always find a cozy place to stop by to “refuel” with standard coffee or delicious Czech beer.

Soak up the beautiful

(not about beer)

Another reason to go to Prague is the Laterna Magica theater. The troupe of the theater gives many magical performances on the New Stage of the National Theater, and the actors communicate with the audience not with words, but with body language and gestures, throwing language barriers into the dustbin.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Neither “bae” nor “me”

By the way, about language barriers. I talked everywhere and with everyone in my weak “Pijn English” and they understood me perfectly well. Sometimes I came across places (cafes, shops) where they understood Russian as well, but still knowledge of the Russian language in Prague is not widespread. And also, since our languages ​​(Czech and Russian) are very similar, sometimes they could say something to me in Czech, I could answer in Russian – and we understood each other perfectly.

Bored in Prague?

Finally, I would like to note that they take from Prague on various excursions to other cities. Moreover, these are not only Czech, but also German and Austrian, I even saw 2-day tours to Paris. Considering the “middle” location of the Czech Republic between Germany and Austria, I can recommend to go first to Prague, and then devote a few days to visiting other countries.

Lake Lhota

Lake Lhota is located just 40 kilometers from Prague. This is a very clean and beautiful body of water that arose by the flooding of a former quarry. The beach here is sandy, like the bottom of the lake; mighty pines grow along the shore, thanks to which the tart aroma of conifers soars here in summer. The entrance to the territory by the lake is paid – a day ticket costs 50 CZK. It can be located anywhere near the lake, although one of the beaches is given over to nudist. There are always a lot of people here in the summer, but the lake is large and the whole crowd, scattering along the beach, hardly interferes with each other. In the evening, the entrance to the lake closes at 21:00. It is prohibited to set up tents on the territory. There is a parking lot next to the lake.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Lake Konětopy

The twin brother of Lake Lhota is located about a 15-minute drive from it and the same 40 kilometers from Prague. This is also a former flooded quarry. Konětopy differs only in that there is no pine forest and no trees grow on the sandy beach. The water is just as clean and clear. Entrance ticket for the whole day – 50 CZK. The beach is also open until 21:00. It is prohibited to set up tents on the territory.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Quarry Hřiměždice

One of the unusual places for swimming, which we have already talked about more than once, is the flooded quarry Hřiměždice. Previously, the entrance here was closed, as the place was used for training military submariners. It is located 60 kilometers from Prague and is extremely popular among nature lovers. The water here is considered to be very clean, and the very deep depth (more than 5 meters) made Khrzhimnezhditsy a real Mecca for fans of diving from towers. It is here that the annual Desperados high jump festival takes place. Entry and bathing are free.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Machovo lake

The legendary Machovo Lake is one of the most popular summer places in the Czech Republic. In hot weather, young people, families with children and fun companies from all over the country flock here. Summer music festivals are often held here, the largest of which is Finlandia Macháč. The most popular beach on the lake remains Doksy, completely refined, with fine sand near the water and water slides, but you can swim in other places as well. There are guesthouses, hotels and apartments along the entire perimeter of the lake, so it will not be difficult to stay here for a couple of days. From Prague to Machovo Lake it is about 90 kilometers to go. The only drawback of the lake is the huge number of nature and swimming lovers, so if you are looking for a secluded place, then this is definitely not the place for you.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Lake Milada

The new hit of this year is Lake Milada. This young, pristine lake, located in the northwest of the Czech Republic, finally officially opened this year. Milada is still being refined and built up with resorts, as it arose only in 2012, by flooding a former quarry. The lake is comparable in size to Makhov and is the third largest in the Czech Republic. In the next few years, Lake Milada promises to become one of the most popular water resorts in the country. Here you can not only swim, but also engage in a wide variety of water sports.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

about country

In 1993, in connection with the collapse of Czechoslovakia, the beauty of the Czech Republic (Ceska republika) appeared on the world map – the only country whose outlines you can see from space. The reason for this is the mountain ranges that form a dense ring around the republic and completely repeat its borders. Speaking of borders, the Czech Republic is adjacent to four states – Poland, Slovakia, Germany and Austria.

What every tourist needs to know about the Czech Republic:

  • the capital is Prague;

  • total area – 78,866 sq. km;

  • form of government – parliamentary republic;

  • language of communication – Czech;

  • religion – more than half of the population considers themselves atheists, the religious majority professes Catholicism;

  • monetary unit – Czech crown (CZK, Kč);

  • Russian tourists enter on a Schengen visa for a period not exceeding 90 days in half a year.

The administrative division resembles a nesting doll. The country has 13 regions and the capital city of Prague. Each region is divided into districts. There are 77 of them in total. The latter, in turn, include 205 communities of the first level (with expanded powers) and 393 communities of the second level.

Travelers are most often guided by three historical provinces: Bohemia with the center in Prague, Moravia with Brno and Bohemian Silesia with Ostrava.

Interesting facts about the Czech Republic

  • Prague streets, Charles Bridge, Kutná Hora, Bohemian Switzerland, Usti nad Labem, Teplice – the living scenery of Hollywood. Cult films such as Van Helsing, Casino Royale, The Chronicles of Narnia, Mission Impossible, The Pink Panther and Les Miserables have been filmed here. The 8th Academy Award winner Amadeus has also filmed in Prague and South Moravia.

  • The Czech Republic has shown the world many inventions, without which our life would be boring and monotonous. These are contact lenses, lightning rod, nylon and pencil. Yes, even the Russian harmonica was invented by the Czech Frantisek Kirchnik. However, the most surprising discovery was made by Jan Jansky. In 1907 he published the work “Hematologicka studie u psychotiku”, in which he proposed the classification of blood into four groups: I, II, III, IV.

  • Czech is one of the purest Slavic languages, with almost no borrowings. The computer is “read” here, the plane is “letadlo”, and the glue is “lepidlo”. The funny and unusual phrases for the Russian ear did not appear by chance. Until the end of the 19th century, 90% of the population spoke German. They wrote in German. They thought in German. The dying language was brought back from the past bit by bit, and many words were invented on the fly. The Czech language fully came to life only by 1918, when it began to be used in military affairs, science, literature, and state affairs.

  • Czechs do not speak Russian, but every second inhabitant speaks English.

The most frugal workaholics live in the Czech Republic. There are no transfers of holidays and protracted New Year festivities. If the red date of the calendar falls on Thursday, everyone will be back to work on Friday. And the Christmas holidays are the shortest in Central Europe – December 24, 25, 26. Littering money for a show is bad manners. Modest but comfortable clothes, an ordinary apartment, a democratic car are the attributes of a well-to-do aborigine. What no Czech can deny itself is food, entertainment and travel: a vacation in the Caribbean or Bali twice a year and family holidays in grand style.

Climate in the Czech Republic

According to Wikipedia, the climate of the Czech Republic is continental oceanic. That is, unpredictable.

But it’s not at all true. You can guess the weather with your eyes closed and without forecasts. All the same mountain ranges that protect the Czech Republic from sudden surprises of nature help to maintain stability.

Summers are hot, moderately humid and calm (+25, +28 Celsius). Ideal for a vacation on the Czech lakes or in Karlovy Vary. It is better to go to Prague in autumn or spring, when the heat subsides, the air fills with freshness from the shores of the Adriatic, and the streets are full of colorful colors. In September, the daytime temperature is kept at around +20, +22 degrees, in October – it drops to +12. It’s still warm and calm.

In May, the sun is already starting to bake (+27), so it is better for meteorological addicts to choose blooming April (+20) for tourist walks.

Winters are mild and slushy. Snow falls in all regions of the country, but lingers only in the mountains. The average temperature in January ranges from zero to minus 8 degrees.

Money and currency of the Czech Republic

The national currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech crown (CZK). Despite the entry of the Czech Republic into the European Union, it is still the main currency.

In circulation there are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 kroons and notes of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 kroons.

As in any EU country, in the Czech Republic you can pay in euros.

What to see in the Czech Republic

Where does the Czech Republic begin? That’s right, in Prague!

This toy city seemed to be frozen in time and space. Horse carriages have long been replaced by electric cars. Ladies no longer adjust the hem of a wide skirt. But the atmosphere of medieval Europe still squeezes Prague tightly in its arms.

Must see in Prague

  • Head to Prague Castle first. It is an architectural monument listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the birthplace of the Holy Roman Empire and the Bohemian Crown, the largest active presidential residence on planet Earth. Look into the eyes of the terribly beautiful gargoyles of St. Vitus Cathedral. Wander the Golden Lane and be sure to take a selfie at one of the best viewing platforms in Prague opposite the Black Tower (coordinates 50.091676, 14.405735). The entrance to the territory of the Prague Castle is free. Only the excursion and entrance to the museums are paid.

  • From here you can head to Petrin Hill or Lesser Town Square, where the Plague Column is installed. Or go along the Charles Bridge to the Old Jewish Cemetery, the Tyn Church and the Prague Astronomical Clock (which, for a second, are 600 years old).

  • For skeptics and fans of everything unusual, we recommend starting with the Prague metronome. Then take tram 15. Drive to Lesser Town Square. Walk along the Vltava to the Franz Kafka Museum. In the courtyard of the museum, you will find a shop of “gingerbread men” and the best political satire of our time – the David Cerna fountain. Two healthy men relieve themselves on the map of the Czech Republic.

  • 10 minutes on foot and you are at the John Lennon Wall, from where the KGB Museum and the Museum of Magic are just a stone’s throw away.

  • You can complete this unusual excursion at Hradcanska Square with a gas lamp, Schwarzenberg and Tuscany palaces.

  • Do not forget to buy flowers in the shop and pay tribute to the Soviet soldier Belyakov. His grave is hidden between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Prague Loreta, opposite the Black Ox pub. Burial coordinates 50.088420, 14.391686.

With children, be sure to go to the Prague Zoo. It’s just huge. For comparison, these are 2 Moscow zoos.

On 50 hectares, there is a children’s play area, elephant pasture, a pavilion with a real jungle, terrariums, a predatory cat zone, a salamandrium, mini-swamps, and a geological path. Adult ticket price 200 CZK. Children from 3 to 15, students and seniors – 150 CZK, children under 3 years old free. Tickets are purchased at the box office on the spot.

Sightseeing in Prague is not a cheap pleasure. Many travelers buy the Prague Card to save money and see more for a smaller budget. The price of the card for 2 days is 62 euros for adults, 46 for children. The price includes entrance to Prague Castle, more than 60 attractions and entertainment, discounts up to 50% on entrance to museums and the tourist bus.

Czech beer

Beer in the Czech Republic is a unique local product. The Celts began to make it in this area thousands of years ago. Since the 10th century, the intoxicated drink has been brewed in monasteries. In the fast of monks, beer helped out well, it was called “liquid bread”.

In the monasteries, they wrote down, kept old and invented new recipes. It was the monks who came up with the idea of ​​adding hop cones to beer. In the Middle Ages, monasteries received special permission to make and sell beer. The most popular breweries in Prague are located at the Strahov or Břevnov Monasteries. (in the photo we will try beer in the Strahov Monastery)

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech RepublicThe tradition of making beer in the Czech Republic was in almost every home. It was simply necessary, because in the Middle Ages, mass epidemics often “raged”. The water was becoming hazardous to health. The residents drank beer instead. In the process of fermentation, it was disinfected, therefore it served as a replacement for water. In the Middle Ages, the first breweries appeared in the Czech Republic.

Modern Czech beer is a world famous brand. The most famous brands of Czech beer: Pilsner Urquell, Velkopopovický Kozel, Staropramen, Gambrinus, Radegast. We liked the most: light Pilsner Urquell and dark Velkopopovický Kozel (it has an interesting aftertaste with chocolate-coffee notes – a great ladies’ option).

Original and tasty beer is brewed in Czech breweries: monastery, private, factory. You can try it here in restaurants. But you cannot bring such beer as a souvenir, because its shelf life is only a couple of days. We bought home Czech beer in supermarkets as a present for our relatives. The most convenient way for transportation is canned. Prices are on average 20-35 CZK for a can of beer.

Beer cosmetics.

Czechs love beer so much that they are even ready to swim in it))) Beer baths are very popular. On the streets of the Stare Mesto quarter you can find such Beer SPA-salons.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Here you can also buy beer-based home SPA cosmetics: bath foams and bath salts, shampoos, shower gels. A great gift option from Prague.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The well-known Czech cosmetic brand is Manufaktura. The shops of this brand are often found in the historical center of Prague. Here you can buy original beer cosmetics based on hop cones for your family: face, hand, body creams, hair balms, shampoos, soaps, shower gels.
The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Becherovka and other Czech alcoholic beverages

Becherovka is one of the oldest trademarks in Europe. It is a world famous Czech brand. Supplied to 35 countries of the world. Becherovka is a strong (38 degrees) balsam-liqueur infused with herbs and spices. Produced in Karlovy Vary with healing water. The secret of its composition is still shrouded in mystery. Only 2 people in the world know the ingredients of Becherovka, and the original recipe is kept in a Swiss bank. There is a Becherovka Museum in Karlovy Vary.

The unique drink was invented in 1807 by Joseph Becher, a respected pharmacist and spice trader in Karlovy Vary. At the heart of Becherovka is a recipe for healing drops to improve digestion by the British physician Christian Frobrig, a friend of the inventor. For two years, Joseph Becher experimented until he came up with a healing liqueur with a bitter herbal pleasant taste. Initially, the drink was sold as bitter (bitter drops for the stomach) and was named in honor of the British Christian Frobrig “Carlsbad English Bitter”.

The father’s business was continued by his son Jan Becher. He registered a trademark, classified the recipe, and began selling stomach drops as an expensive alcoholic beverage. Since that time Jan Becher’s signature (as well as the year of manufacture 1807) is on every bottle of Becherovka liqueur. Gustav Becher, Jan’s son, came up with the idea of ​​serving the tincture in exclusive Karlovy Vary porcelain glasses. You can buy the Becherovka set + porcelain glasses as an original souvenir from Prague.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

100 years after its foundation, the Becherov company became the owner of the unique right to supply 100 bottles per month to the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Court. After the Second World War, like many Czech enterprises, the Becher company, along with the recipe for the drink, was nationalized by the socialist authorities.

Today the Becherovka brand is developing. The basic recipe for the herbal liqueur has been preserved, its taste has not changed for over 200 years. This is the classic Becherovka Original. Along with the traditional drink, new shades have been invented: Becherovka Lemond – with citrus (20 degrees), Becherovka Cordial – with lime blossom (35 degrees), Becherovka KV 14 – red aperitif (40 degrees).

“Becherovka” is drunk chilled to 5-6 degrees. This is a great aperitif or digestif. (Better to drink for appetite at the beginning of a meal or to improve digestion after dinner). It goes well with tonic, a little becherovka can be added to tea or coffee. Interesting taste of liqueur with a slice of orange sprinkled with cinnamon for a snack. The price of Becherovka (0.5 l) in supermarkets is 135-140 kroons on average.

In shops and supermarkets in Prague, you can buy other Czech alcoholic drinks as a gift for your family:

Fernet Stoke is another Czech strong liquor infused with herbs.

We liked the Moravian wines very much. There are many wine bars in Prague. We bought Czech Moravian wine as a souvenir in a supermarket.

Slivovitsa is a Czech fruit brandy based on plum juice.

Absinthe is in almost every gift shop. This is a very strong alcoholic drink based on bitter wormwood and other herbs. It was invented in the 17th century as a medicine in Switzerland and France. Today the Czech Republic is one of the countries producing absinthe. Green absinthe is a classic recipe based on wormwood leaves. Red contains pomegranate extract. Black – based on wormwood roots and black acacia extract.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Delicious souvenirs from Prague: Carlsbad waffles and hermelin cheese.

In supermarkets, kiosks, cafes and bazaars, you can buy hotels for relatives – traditional Czech waffles KARLOVARSKÉ OPLATKY and local cheese Hermelin.

Fragrant, light, healthy crunchy waffles are called “platzki” in the Czech Republic. These are real SPA wafers, because their recipe includes healing water from Czech thermal springs. On the shop windows you can see waffles from several resorts: Lasenske Oplatky, Marianske oplatky, but the most popular and delicious are KARLOVARSKÉ OPLATKY. It is also the first Czech waffles with healing water. This is their main “trick”.

KARLOVARSKÉ OPLATKY was invented and started to mass produce in the 18th century in Karlovy Vary. Karl Bayer founded a large factory, Barbara Bayerova was the baker and ideological inspirer. The family business was inherited by his son. KARLOVARSKÉ OPLATKY is loved by eminent vacationers of the resort. They have become a popular delicacy in many European countries. Karl Bayer’s factory supplied medicinal waffles for the imperial courts of Austria and Germany. Like many enterprises in the socialist Czech Republic, after 1945 the production was nationalized by the state.

KARLOVARSKÉ OPLATKY are thin round printed plates. They come in different diameters, traditionally round or triangular in shape. Round waffles: between two plates – one layer of very different fillings: chocolate, nut, vanilla, almond, with cinnamon. Triangles (like a cake) are cut into large round waffles made from several layers of sweet plates and filling. Wonderful tasty souvenir from Prague! The price of Karlovy Vary payments is 25-40 CZK, depending on the size. In supermarkets it is cheaper.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The traditional Czech cheese is called Hermelin. It is very similar to the French Camembert. The same soft, pleasant and with a dense white mold on the surface. It is made from cow’s milk. Hermelin means “ermine” in Czech. This cheese has long been considered a royal delicacy. It got its name from the mantle of the rulers, made of white ermine.

Czech Hermelin cheese goes well with white wine and beer. It is also served as an independent dish – fried, baked, pickled. In stores you can choose hermelin marinated and with different spices. Price in supermarkets from 20 CZK and above.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Czech garnet

Czech garnet jewelry is famous in Europe and the world. This is another national Czech brand. The Czech type of pomegranate is called “pyrope”, which means “like fire” in Greek. Cherry – red “Bohemian garnets” are of volcanic origin, have a pure color and shimmer in the sun with bright fiery shades. The unique Turnov garnets are famous. They are distinguished by their deep red color and are mined only in the vicinity of the town of Turnovo. Nowhere else in the world is there such a red pomegranate.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The precious stone began to be mined in the Czech Republic back in the 6th-8th centuries. The peculiarity of the “Bohemian garnet” is that only small stones are found in the deposits. There are only a few large stones in the world. Jewelry workshops have been operating in Prague and the city of Turnovo since the 16th century. Since 1957, small private enterprises in Turnov have merged into the art cooperative Granát duv Turnov. Now he owns a license to mine pomegranate in all mines in the Czech Republic. In the Turnov jewelry workshops, stones are processed and beautiful garnet jewelry is created.

Anyone interested in this gem is recommended to visit the Pomegranate Museum (Panska str. 6 ). And in the museum of the Czech composer Berdjich Smetana, a magnificent pomegranate necklace is exhibited. (Novotnevo lavka street 1, next to the Charles Bridge in the building of the Old Town Water Tower). Connoisseurs consider this garnet jewelry to be one of the most beautiful in the world. The musician presented a pomegranate necklace to his wife as a sign of great passionate love.

Since ancient times, the precious pomegranate has been a symbol of love, passion, power and greatness. The fire stone was given to beloved ones. It was used to make luxurious jewelry for the imperial and royal families of Europe. They say that the pomegranate is able to preserve the energy of the owner. Jewelry made from this stone, inherited, serves as a talisman. But it is not recommended to buy pomegranate jewelry in antique stores.

There are a lot of shops selling Czech pomegranates on the streets in the historic quarters of Prague. This is a truly exquisite gift from Prague. In some stores there are fakes, so it is important to know the features of Czech garnet: these are small stones 5-7 mm, they shimmer in the light with a fiery red hue, when buying you should be issued a quality certificate with the G and G1 stamps and a guarantee, look for the inscription on the store’s sign “Czech pomegranate”. Branded shops of the art cooperative “Turnov” are located in Prague 1, at the following addresses: st. Dlouhá 28, st. Na Příkopě 23, st. Panská 1.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Bohemian glass. Czech crystal.

Bohemian glass is a traditional Czech product, a national symbol of quality, respectability and style. It has been produced on the territory of the country for about 9 centuries. In the 13th century, the first glassblowing workshops appeared in the north and west of Bohemia. And in the 17th century, Bohemian glass took a strong position in the European market and bypassed its glass competitor from Venice. At the same time, Czech craftsmen created an unusual crystal glass. Its unique composition allowed for beautiful cutting and engraving on the glass. This is how the famous Czech crystal appeared.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

For the first time in 1724, crystal chandeliers began to be produced in the Czech Republic. They were invented by master cutter Josef Palme. They were especially popular with the royal houses of Europe. Luxurious castles, palaces, theaters, temples in many countries of the world are decorated with exquisite Czech crystal chandeliers.

One of the most famous Bohemian glass manufacturers in the world is Moser. It was created in Karlovy Vary in 1893 by Ludwig Moser. The quality and beauty of the products were so high that Moser became the exclusive supplier of the Austrian imperial court, the Persian shah, and the English royal family. Moser glass is still made at the factory by hand from environmentally friendly materials. It is famous for its original colors and stylish design.

Bohemian glass and crystal is an exquisite and trendy gift from Prague. In the city center, shops with Czech glass under the name “Bohemia Crystal” are found at every step. Branded galleries – shops “Moser” are located on the street. Na Příkopě 12 and at the corner of Old Town Square and Celetne Street in an old 14th century house called At the White Unicorn. (in the photo there is an elegant house in the background, and to our right there are shops “Bohemia Crystal”)

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Krtek is a cheerful Czech cartoon character

The Czech Republic has its own popular cartoon character – funny Krtek. It has become a brand for the country, as well as Disney’s Mickey Mouse for the United States. In our childhood, the cartoon about the Mole and his friends was very popular. Before the trip to Prague, together with the children, we watched this cartoon again. So they introduced them to a Czech cartoon character))).

And here is a Czech cartoon about Krtek and his friends. (Suddenly who forgot))

Products depicting Krtek are a fun souvenir from Prague for children and adults. What is not done in the Czech Republic: toys, T-shirts, pencils, puzzles, bags, briefcases.

Shop address: st. Celetna, 32, near the Powder Tower.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Now such a cheerful Krtechek “settled” in our house. The mood raises 100%.

In the same two-storey shop there is a huge amount of various toys and souvenirs. A special place is occupied by puppets.

Standard Czech souvenirs

First, let’s talk about the most common gifts and souvenirs that are brought from the Czech Republic.

What you can buy cheaply in Prague (according to tourists’ reviews):

  • Magnet – 20-100 CZK (0.9-4 euros)
  • Postcard – from 5 kroons (0.2 euros), stamp to Russia 25 kroons (1 euro)
  • Keychains with Czech symbols – 100 CZK (4 euros)
  • Matryoshka dolls depicting politicians, football players, actors, musicians, etc.
  • Prague houses made of porcelain or ceramics – small from 60-80 kroons (2.3-3 euros), large – from 240 kroons (9 euros)
  • Metal plaque with the name of the streets of Prague:
    • small 5x10cm – 50 CZK (2 euros)
    • medium – 100 CZK (4 euros)
    • large – 150 CZK (6 euros)
  • Chocolate envelopes with Czech landmarks – 50 CZK (2 euros) for 60 grams (29x12cm)
  • Small copies of knightly swords – 100 kroons (4 euros)
  • Tea in souvenir packaging, 100 gr. – 130 CZK (5 euros)
  • T-shirts and caps with the symbols of the Czech Republic – from 200 CZK (from 7-8 euros)
  • Beer mugs – from 100 to 800 CZK (4-31 euros). Liter beer mugs – from 270 CZK (from 10.5 euros)
  • Commemorative coins in special machines (not far from entrances or ticket offices) – 50 kroons (2 euros


Czech puppets are traditionally made by hand from wood and plaster. Dolls can be different characters: magicians, kings, witches, jesters and clowns, princesses, national Czech celebrities, etc.

Who to bring: suitable as a gift for children, relatives and friends.

Where to buy souvenirs: Sold throughout the Czech Republic. In the center of Prague – at every step.

Price: cheap and not very pretty – from 180-250 kroons (7-9 euros). Good dolls will cost more – around 600 CZK (23 euros). In Prague, you can buy a good puppet for 1-2.5 thousand kroons (40-100 euros). The price of a Czech puppet depends on the size and material from which it is made.

Wooden Toys

Czech wooden toys – funny little people, animals and birds, soldiers, dolls, wooden swords, etc. You can also bring from the Czech Republic educational and educational games made of wood. These toys are popular with tourists.

Please note: not only local wooden toys are sold in the Czech Republic, but also toys from China. Generally, Chinese wooden toys are cheaper.

Who to bring: such an eco-toy is perfect as a gift for a child.

Where to buy: Sold in toy stores throughout the Czech Republic. including in the center of Prague. The Detoa company is engaged in the production and sale of traditional wooden toys. There is also a Bambule toy store at Roztylská 2321/19, Prague 4.

Souvenir price: wooden toys from China – 50-100 kroons (2-4 euros), wooden toys of Czech production – 300-700 kroons (11.6-27 euros).

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Czech pencils from Koh-i-Noor

Stationery from Koh-i-Noor can be brought as a gift for creative friends and acquaintances. The company sells high quality goods and specializes in the production of art and stationery.

The stores sell various erasers, sharpeners, paints of all kinds, pastels for drawing and easels with brushes, pencils (from simple classic to branded), etc.

Whom to bring: children, creative relatives and friends.

Why this firm: Koh-i-Noor can be called the pioneer of modern pencils. In 1802, the company patented the first graphite pencil. 80 years later, the first pencil was released from the factory of this company in the form as we know it now.

Where to buy: Koh-i-Noor stores in the Czech Republic are located at the following addresses:

  • Prague, Na Příkopě 860/24
  • Karlovy Vary, Varšavská 19 (opposite the Becherovka Museum)
  • Český Krumlov, Kostelní 169

One of the largest stores is located in the center of Prague’s historic district: Malá Strana.

Souvenir price: Souvenir hedgehogs with pencils 320-500 CZK (12-19 euros). Slightly larger pencils – 30 CZK per piece (1 EUR) or 120 CZK for a set of five (4.6 EUR).

Czech Krotek (Krtek)

Czech Krotek (Mole) is the main character of the Soviet Czech cartoon. A lot of Czech souvenir products are associated with it – soft toys, notebooks, pens and other little things. The mole is often depicted on caps, T-shirts, knapsacks, mugs, postcards, magnets.

Whom to bring: children, friends, acquaintances and relatives.

Where to buy: Moles are sold throughout the Czech Republic. You can buy them in souvenir shops, stationery stores and gift departments.

Souvenir price: from 13 CZK (0.5 EUR), depending on the size and functionality. For example, a mole in the form of a magnet costs from 50-100 kroons (2-4 euros)

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

St. Vitus Cathedral

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

St. Vitus Cathedral.

The Cathedral of St. Vitus was built for almost 600 years and today is one of the most striking masterpieces of Gothic architecture in Central Europe, which is of decisive importance for the religious and cultural life of the Czech Republic.

Here you can see the magnificent mosaic “The Last Judgment” of the XIV century, the tombs of St. Wenceslas and Charles IV, as well as the silver tomb of St. John of Nepomuk, decorated in the Baroque style. You should also pay attention to the majestic chapel of St. Wenceslas and the modernist stained glass windows by Alphonse Mucha.

Address: Cathedral of St. Vitus, III. nádvoří 48/2, 119 01 Praha 1-Hradčany, Czech Republic.

The Charles Bridge

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The Charles Bridge.

Charles Bridge is one of the main attractions of Prague. Where to go and what to see in Prague, many tourists decide only by walking along this magnificent 500-meter ferry.

Keep in mind, however: by 9 a.m. the bridge is filled with an army of tourists scurrying past the stalls of street vendors and musicians under the impassive gaze of baroque statues set on parapets. If you want to enjoy the indescribable atmosphere of this place, we advise you to come here at dawn.

Address: Karlův most, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic.

Fortress Prague Castle

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

View of the Prague Castle.

The most popular attraction in Prague. Occupying the left bank of the Vltava, its slender rows of spiers and towers proudly rise above the city center like a fairytale fortress. Here you will see a wide variety of historical buildings, museums and galleries that house the greatest artistic and cultural treasures of the Czech Republic.

Please be aware that visitors are required to pass a security check before entering the property, so be sure to bring your passport with you.

Address: Pražský hrad, Hradcany, 119 08 Prague 1, Czech Republic.

You can visit as part of excursions:

  • Secrets of Prague Castle
  • Vysehrad and Prague Castle: secrets and legends of Prague in the evening
  • The entire Prague Castle

Exhibition Palace

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The collection of works of art from the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries of the National Gallery occupies four floors and is considered to be one of the best in Prague. Here are collected masterpieces of famous world masters, including Van Gogh, Picasso, Schiele and Klimt.

Even against the background of such names, the exhibitions of works by Czech abstract artists, surrealists and cubist artists of the early 20th century deserve special attention.

Address: Veletržní palác, Dukelských hrdinů, Prague 7, Czech Republic.

Jewish Museum in Prague

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic 

This museum includes six Jewish monuments located in the Josefov area: the Meisel synagogue, the Pinkas synagogue, the Spanish synagogue, the Klaus synagogue, the ceremonial hall and the old Jewish cemetery. In addition, it is worth mentioning separately about the Old New Synagogue, where services are still held – a ticket to visit it must be bought separately.

Address: Jewish Museum in Prague, U Staré školy, Старе-Место, Чехия.

Community house

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Public house.

The main Prague Art Nouveau building is a masterpiece of modern architecture. Every detail of its design and decor is thought out to the smallest detail, every painting and sculpture is filled with deep symbolism.

The local restaurant and café is more reminiscent of Art Nouveau museums, and upstairs you will find half a dozen luxuriously decorated rooms that you can visit as part of a guided tour.

Address: Obecní dům, nám. Republiky 5, 111 21 Josefov, Czech Republic.

Strahov library

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Strahov Library.

The Strahov Library is the largest monastic library in the country, consisting of two magnificent Baroque rooms dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. You can look into the halls through open doors, however, you cannot go inside – scientists have found that the changes in humidity caused by the breathing of tourists negatively affect the state of the magnificent ceiling frescoes. But you will have the opportunity to visit the so-called “cabinet of curiosities”.

Address: Strahovská knihovna, Strahovské nádvoří, Prague 1-Gradčany, Czech Republic.

What is the sea in the Czech Republic, name

Unfortunately, there is no sea in the Czech Republic, because the country is located in the center of Europe, but this does not mean that it is impossible to enjoy a beach holiday here. The country has Lake Lipno, which is often called the Czech Sea. Here you can get a great tan, as well as a lot of pleasant impressions.

Also, the country has a dense system of rivers, there are about 450 lakes and more than 25,000 reservoirs, so even the absence of the sea does not scare tourists who are planning a summer vacation on the sandy shore.

Is there a sea in Prague

There is no sea in Prague, as well as such comfortable beaches as in Spain and Italy, but still there are well-equipped places to relax by the water.

It is worth noting such beaches as Žluté lázně (lute lazne) and Hostivařská přehrada (Hostevaržska przehrada), because these are comfortable places to relax on the Vltava River.

Where can you swim and sunbathe in Prague?

Summer is the best time of the year to relax by the sea, but, unfortunately, there is no sea in Prague, so many go to specially equipped or secluded places near other bodies of water. There are many scenic spots in and around Prague that are worth mentioning.

Hluboka nad Vltavou castle

A snow-white castle, in the memory of which there are several centuries and dozens of different owners. The last of them gave the building its present look. This is a romantic neo-Gothic style surrounded by greenery. The entrance to the castle is allowed, you can walk throughout the territory. It seems that it was not built once, but copied from the pages of a fairy tale. Deep over the Vltava is located 150 kilometers from Prague, but you must visit it.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Czech Republic. Hluboka nad Vltavou castle

Krumlov castle

Cesky Krumlov is a town from a movie about knights and the romantic Middle Ages. Only here everything is real, not decorations. In the center of the city, on a hill, stands the Krumlov Castle. There are 5 courtyards built around it with beautiful architecture, historical buildings, a park, bridges and stunning views of the city. In the fifth courtyard, an equestrian arena, a palace and a theater await visitors. From the castle itself, the view is simply wonderful.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Krumlov castle

Konopiste castle

Konopiste Castle is considered one of the most beautiful and popular in the Czech Republic for a reason. For more than seven hundred years, the majestic structure has been towering over the area 45 kilometers southeast of Prague, near the town of Benesov.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Czech Republic. Konopiste castle

The castle is known as the last residence of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. His assassination in Sarajevo triggered the outbreak of World War I. The bullet fired at Archduke Gavrilo Princip of the Black Hand is now on display in the castle’s museum.

Karlštejn Castle

Karlštejn Castle is located near Prague, therefore, it is easy to get there. This is the embodiment of a real old Gothic castle. Strong, stern, restrainedly beautiful. Karlštejn was built on a rock. Tourists are offered guided tours of the castle rooms, but you can walk on your own. The castle is open to the public. An excellent view of the city and the towers of Karlštejn opens up from the Well Tower.

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Karlštejn Castle

Old Town Hall with chimes

All tourist routes lead to the most interesting places in the Czech Republic, including the 700-year-old medieval town hall. Its most important “highlight” is the astronomical clock, the chimes of which strike every hour. At this time, small windows open and the moving figures of the apostles are shown. “At the very top of the tower there is an observation deck accessible by elevator, but we recommend walking up the spiral staircase.” A guided tour of the town hall costs 250 CZK.

Jewish quarter

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

One of the historical sights that you can see in Prague is the open-air museum, which consists of several synagogues. In the 11th century, a place was allocated for Jews on the outskirts of the city, they were surrounded by a wall and began to be called the Jewish ghetto. There were schools, synagogues and cemeteries there. Over time, the line between Czechs and Jews was erased, the quarter began to be rebuilt and become part of the city. You can learn about the history of Jews in Prague in the museum located here. The ticket price is 330 CZK.

Church of the Orthodox Apostles Peter and Paul (Karlovy Vary)

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Czech sights are found in many other cities as well. Karlovy Vary was a favorite vacation spot for the Russian nobility, so it is not surprising that an Orthodox church appeared here, which has become one of the most significant architectural monuments. It was built on voluntary donations. Six bells were delivered from Russia, and at the consecration of the church, Nikolai II presented two icons: the Savior and the Pochaev Mother of God.

Moravian Museum (Brno)

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The museum is located in the Dietrichstein Palace, named after the Czech cardinal. Initially, temporary exhibitions were held in it, and since the end of the 80s of the 20th century, a permanent exhibition has opened, in which, along with various collections, as well as attractions of the Czech Republic with photos and descriptions, you can see a rare statuette of the Vestonice Venus. It is unique in that it is 27 thousand years old and small in size, only 11.1 cm.

Opening hours: Tue – from 9 to 15 hours, Wednesday-Friday – from 9 to 17 hours, weekend schedule – from 13 to 18 hours. Ticket price for adults: 170 Kč, for children 85 Kč.

  • You can save money on travel on the metro – it is easy to travel by transport without a ticket, there are no turnstile and controllers in the metro.
  • When going to a restaurant, take medicines for your stomach – the national cuisine contains a large percentage of meat, very high in calories, in any cafe you will be served a large portion. By the way, pharmacies in the Czech Republic close early.

Konepruska caves

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The natural attractions of the Czech Republic are varied and one of them is located three dozen kilometers from Prague. This is the largest complex of multi-tiered caves in the Czech Republic. The most beautiful stalactites and stalagmites accompany tourists along the 600-meter route. In some places, underground grottoes reach a height of 70 meters. “The duration of the tour is 2 hours, so you need to dress warmly.” Price – 130 CZK.

Budget vacation in a European country

This is exactly one of those countries where the concepts of “quality” and “inexpensive” come close enough. European architecture, well-developed tourism, interesting culture and rich history – all of this you can enjoy spending much less money than, for example, in France, Italy or Spain. Even in the capital, an apartment can be rented for the price of a hostel, and in small towns the prices are even lower.

No communication problems

If you do not know foreign languages ​​well, then starting your trip around the Czech Republic is a great idea. Here you will not have any problems with communication, since most of the population speaks Russian. Of course, not everyone knows Russian, but you can definitely check into a hotel with an administrator who understands you, order dinner at the establishment and find a guide without any problems.

Fairy castles

Czech Republic is famous for its castles. This is truly a country of castles. There are many of them in the fairyland: romantic, majestic, lonely and unapproachable – everyone can find “their own.” Some of the most famous castles are Karlstejn, Zvikov, Lednice, Cesky Sternberk, Detenice, Orlik and others.

dancing House

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The famous Czech landmark, which is located in Prague, is jokingly called “Ginger and Fred”. It is difficult for any tourist to pass by this miracle of deconstructivism.The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The rooftop restaurant La Perle de Prague offers a wonderful view of Prague.

Czech beer

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

Coming to the Czech Republic and not trying a world famous drink is nonsense, even if you are not a beer lover. It is not without reason that in the 18th century the first brewing school in Europe appeared in the Czech Republic.

Czech beer is exported to many countries. However, if you did not like Czech beer in your country, then this is not at all a reason to give up the intoxicating drink in its homeland – you will be amazed when you feel the difference.

It is hardly possible to calculate exactly how many beers there are in the Czech Republic. After you taste the most famous (Pilsner Urquell, Staropramen, Gambrinus, Krusovice, Velkopopovicky Kozel and others), do not forget that in all corners of this country their own beers are brewed according to unique recipes.

Pilsen is considered the beer capital of the Czech Republic.

Beer Festival in Prague

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic 

Of course, in a country that is famous for its beer all over the world, one cannot do without beer festivals. The largest beer festival in the Czech Republic is the Prague beer festival. Traditionally held in May and lasts for several weeks.

Besides the fact that you will taste the best Czech beer at the festival, you will also find dishes of national Czech cuisine.

The Charles Bridge

The best sights of the Czech Republic - where to go? Czech Republic

The famous Prague bridge over the Vltava. The towers and sculptures of one of the most beautiful bridges are worth seeing.

City of a Hundred Spiers

How I want to go to Prague! In my life I didn’t want to go back to any city, but I want to go to Prague!
Marina Tsvetaeva

One of the finest European cities needs no introduction. The capital of the Czech Republic, which is impossible not to fall in love with. This is a city where everyone will find something for themselves, and when you get tired of contemplating magnificent buildings, museums and shopping, just put on comfortable shoes and go for a walk – you will find so many interesting things that will not be written about in any guidebook.

Sources used and useful links on the topic: https: // tourweek. ru / countries / czech_republic https: // B5% D1% 85% D0% B8% D1% 8F / https: //

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